Diabetes is a condition that worsens the body’s ability to process blood glucose, which is known as blood sugar.
Different kinds of diabetes can be shown up, and managing the condition depends on the type. Not all forms of diabetes occur from anoverweight person or leading an inactive lifestyle. As a matter of fact, some are present from childhood.
Types of Diabetes
There are many types of diabetes. In short, diabetes types can be divided into three major diabetes types: Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type I: Also known as juvenile diabetes, these types show up when the body no longer produces insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent. In other words, they must take artificial insulin each day to maintain life.
Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes plays role in the body uses insulin. While the body still produces insulin, different from type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did. This is the most well known type of diabetes, as claimed by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and it has strong links with obesity.
Gestational Diabetes: This type happens especially in women in period of pregnancy when the body can become less delicate than ever to insulin. Gestational diabetes does not show up in all women and normally resolves after giving birth.
Doctors refer to some people as having pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
Normal body’s rate of blood sugar should be between 70 and 99 mg/dL, whereas a person who has diabetes problem will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dL.
The pre-diabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to cause diabetes.
People who has risk of being diabetic are, however, also at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, even though they do not usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes.
The risk factors for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes are similar. Some of them can be arrayed as following:
- Being obese
- Having a family which has history of diabetes
- Having a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
- Cholesterollevel lower than 40 mg/dL
- High blood pressure
- Giving birth to a child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds
- A history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
People with type I diabetes and some people who has type 2 diabetes problem may need to inject or inhale insulin in order to keep their blood sugar levels safe from becoming too high.
Many types of insulin are available, and most are classified by how long their effect continue. There are rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-acting insulin types.
While some people need to use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels others may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types. Doesn’t matter which type of diabetes people have, every person with diabetes problem must usually check their blood glucose levels by using a finger stick.
This method of checking blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a . A person with type I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need.
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